The archetype of the maiden mother in Pier Paolo Pasolinis poems continues to fascinate the readers and critics because of its enigmatic nature and its biographical and literary correlations, which allow a wider understanding of one of the greatest Italian writers of the 20th century. Several distinctive relations between passion, ideology, religion, and myth play a crucial role in Pasolinis life and opus, therefore the amorous and sensual function of the figure reveals itself as particularly intriguing.A deductive analysis of Pasolinis life and literary work attempts to find out the indicated passional aspect. In the beginning, this thesis displays a brief biography, afterwards, the discourse addresses the connection between Pasolini and his mother Susanna Colussi, along with a group of intimate female friends. The love for Susanna expands to some relevant dichotomies in both life and work of Pasolini, while the relationships to Maria Callas, Elsa Morante, and Laura Betti introduce the thematic field of passion. This passion is nourished as well by love for the peasant myth and the underclass as by homosexual erotism for youths belonging to these social worlds.Both aspects are present in the archetype of the maiden mother, which symbolizes the innocence and purity of both motherhood and childhood; through the cyclicity of woman, the archetype permits the son to be born again and again. At the same time, Pasolini searches an analogous regeneration in sexuality, which at first is addressed to boys with innocent attributes, but later, after the separation from Ninetto Davoli, demonstrates an auto-destructive tendency. The content-related, interpretative and correlative analysis of poems aims at disclosing the relationship between the archetype of the maiden mother and Pasolinis passion.