Looking deeper into corruption in Russia, it seems that its essence is the transformation of the state from an organisation for the protection of common interests into a corporate structure, serving private interests and protecting them from the interests of society. As a result of Russia’s anti-corruption campaign declared in 2008, legislation was adjusted, social institutions were mobilised and discussions developed how to hold corruptionists accountable. However, the efforts of law enforcement officials remained mere imitations of the announced “war on corruption”.
Counteracting corruption, according to the author, must begin with an effective anti-corruption policy, tackling the root causes of corruption. The author believes that the reason for the growth of corruption in Russia lies in certain deformations of power structures, the presence of the shadow economy and the impact of organised crime.
Vitaly A. Nomokonov is the director of the Vladivostok Centre for the Study of Organised Crime and Corruption which was created in the Far Eastern University in 1997 through a grant of the US Department of Justice and American University. The project was supported by grants until 2014. Currently the Centre is part of the Law School of the Far Eastern Federal University. The Centre plans to create an international laboratory for comparative study of anti-corruption policies in countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
Vitaly Nomokonov is a doctor of law and has been working in the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology since 1974. His doctoral dissertation was devoted to the causes of crime, criminal behaviour and its relationship to criminal accountability. Currently, the focus of Vitaly Nomokonov is on problems of the formation and implementation of public policies in the fight against organised crime and corruption.