Theodor Fontane, Julius Roderich Benedix and the royal theater in BerlinHeike JantschnerThe present work deals with the combined analysis of Theodor Fontane as a theater critic and Julius Roderich Benedix as a comedy author, respectively. The core issues of this volume can be summarized as follows: Who was this today rarely known man called Roderich Benedix? Why was his work during his lifetime as well as over decades posthumous that famous on German scenes? To respond to these raised questions, the critics of Theodor Fontane during his work at the royal theater of Berlin were, first of all, examined on a general basis followed by a detailed analysis of his critics regarding Benedix. This leads to the conclusion that Benedix ranked among the most popular scene writers at that time. The motives, characters created by him as well as his inimitable comic were, beside the arising comics from France and the upcoming naturalism, refreshing, harmless alternatives made in Germany.