Antisemitism in Austria is not a sudden arisen phenomenon. The history of antisemitism has a long tradition and shows continuities as well as discontinuities in the historical perspective. The roots lie in ancient times in the so-called Christian antijudaism. Through the historical examination of antisemitism in the Austrian context it is evident that it has never entirely disappeared. Rather, antisemitic tendencies evolved from the Middle Ages through the modern era and up to contemporary history. Traditional prejudices reflect this continuity, as stereotypes accompany the history of antisemitism until today. A clear break in the history of Austrian antisemitism is constituted by the Second World War including the Holocaust. The atrocities and systematic assassinations that were perpetrated on Jews are not comparable to any other historical events. It would be expected that antisemitism would have come to an end after the events of World War II. This is however not the case. Antisemitic attitudes were indeed displaced after the Holocaust, namely, into the private domain,yet they remained. In the 1970s and 1980s such attitudes and tendencies propagated increasingly again in public life. Also, the "revisionism" and denial of the Holocaust as primary antisemitic tools increased in intensity at this time. Based on this development it is evident that a critical examination of antisemitism in Austria is required. On the political level, the "Prohibition Act of 1945" was enacted, which subsequently became an instrument against antisemitism. With the establishment of institutions that work against antisemitism, it has been and is being attempted to curb antisemitic tendencies at societal level In the course of this, the school as an institution also plays an important role.