This master thesis examines those factors, which led, already before the global economic crisis, to low economic growth and high unemployment within the European Union. The main reasons for the conditions of stagnation are related to the difficulties of high sovereign debt levels and sparse incentives to invest in research and development. Furthermore, faulty political decisions and low investment rates during the crisis caused an increasingly degradation of the economic climate. To counteract the weak developments of the past and do lead the European Union to a favourable growth trajectory this theses introduces different opportunities for policymakers. Thereby, the advantageousness of environmental policy and the urgency of targeted investment in sustainable growth markets are shown.