This masters thesis analyses the potentials of possible applications for a sustainable electricity provision in the province of Byblos in Lebanon. For this purpose, the masters thesis elaborates chances and constraints in the Lebanese system, which foster or hinder an implementation of renewable energy technologies for electricity generation. The importance of renewable energy technologies for a sustainable development is demonstrated based on a discourse analysis of sustainable energy systems. On this base, the following execution concludes that there are several chances such as existing rivers, high solar irradiation as well as arable and fertile land, which facilitate the deployment of renewable energy applications. However, there are numerous barriers such as a legal situation hindering the participation of IPPs as well as the administrative mismanagement and the economic malposition of the EdL, which constrain the applicability of renewable energy technologies. This framework of chances and constraints is applied to the province Byblos in order to evaluate the theoretical and technical potentials of possible renewable energy applications for the generation of electricity. Based on this investigation, not applicable technologies and possible applications for renewable power supply in the province Byblos are distinguished. Thus, the masters thesis concludes that not applicable technologies include several bioenergy streams, CSP and CPV as well as geothermal energy, ocean energy and wind energy. In contrast, possible applications comprise four bioenergy streams, various applications of PV and four utilisations of hydropower. In total, the technical potential for all possible applications of renewable electricity technologies in province Byblos is 428.3 GWh per year. Thus, the results of this masters thesis contribute to possible solutions in order to combat the complex challenges of the 21st century and to support a sustainable development.