The pollution of air, soil, and oceans increases due to rising levels of greenhouse gas emissions, energy and resource consumption, and waste. Changing the current production philosophy is necessary to stop this negative trend. Hence, eco-friendly products should be produced and product recovery pursued. In order to support this development all stages of a Green Supply Chain Management are introduced in this thesis. The management of a “green” supply chain incorporates the environmental factor during the entire product life cycle. It starts with the product design. A “green” design aims for an ecologically sensitive selection of materials, the minimization of resources and waste, and the ability to disassemble and recover the used product. External resources must be purchased from environmentally benign suppliers. Within the production process, pollution emissions must be minimized. Subsequently, the end-product must be delivered to the consumers in an eco-friendly way, which means minimal fuel consumption and emissions. As the Green Supply Chain is a closed-loop supply chain, used products have to be collected and recovered. Thereby it is important that the backhauling does not compensate the positive effects of the product recovery. Repair, refurbishing, remanufacturing, cannibalization, and recycling are possibilities within the product recovery management. Only those parts, which do not fit into any recovery category, are finally disposed. For each stage of the “green” supply chain guidelines, hierarchic decision models, or optimization models are presented in the thesis to encourage an implementation of Green-SCM. Additionally, examples are shown to demonstrate how well established companies realize “green” practices.