The time following the tragedy of the Shoah marked a crucial turning point in how theology would define its approach not only to Judaism but also to the first part of Scripture the Old Testament or the Hebrew Bible. Gradually, churches and theology had to confront their own centuries-old, anti-Jewish tradition and slowly came to the realization that Christianitys anti-Judaism and the Churchs wide-spread silence in the face of the atrocities of World War II had contributed to the heinous crimes committed by the Nazi regime. The „Jewish-Christian Dialogue“ is one significant result of that shift in mindset. Set against that background, Jewish-Christian discussion initiatives based on the Hebrew Bible a common document of faith shared by both Judaism and Christianity were established in the first decades of the post-war period. This dissertation concentrates on four such dialogue initiatives held in post-Nazi Germany as well as in post-Nazi Austria: the Jewish-Christian Bible Week in Bendorf am Rhein (19692003), which has been held in Georgsmarienhütte since 2004; the Austrian Christian-Jewish Bible Week in Graz (19822007); the Christian-Jewish Sommer School in Nettetal, Aachen, and Baesweiler-Puffendorf (19832012); and the Christian-Jewish Summer University in Berlin (since 1987). Grappling with historical as well as theological perspectives, the genesis and development of these dialogue-based educational formats and their reception of the Bible are analyzed. Existing written sources as well as guideline-oriented, oral-history interviews conducted with initiators, speakers, and participants provide the basis for a view of the subject matter from various angles. As a qualitative study, this dissertation grants dialogue-participants ample space for their perceptions, experiences, and evaluations.