In the present diploma thesis the development and the current situation of anti-discrimination laws in Austria and France is demonstrated, and, in particular by showing examples oft the current case-law, special attention is given to the existing procedures for law enforcement. The first part of this work deals with the similarities and requirements from the International and European law, which were of importance for the development of anti-discrimination legislation in the two countries. The second part shows this development in each country individually and refers to the beginnings in the case law on this subject. Then the current legal situation in Austria and in France is described by already referring to the differences in legislation. The main part deals with the chosen way of law enforcement in the two countries and their current case law. It specifically deals with the work of the institutions of legal protection, which are „Gleichbehandlungskommission“ and „Gleichbehandlungsanwaltschaft“ in Austria and the „Défenseur des Droits“ in France. Also the legal proceedings are explained and the results of anti-discrimination work of the courts are demonstrated on the basis of decided cases. Finally, in summary form the illustrated legal systems are compared, with particular attention on the penalties provided for acts of discrimination. Brief reference is made to the existing problems in the anti-discrimination law of each country as well as to possible improvements, with the opinion from the EU included.