World War II ended in 1945; and today, there is wide social consensus, stipulating that the year 1945 can be understood as liberation. The commemorative culture has mainly focused on the remembrance of the Holocaust. However, this point of view stems from the political discourse of memory in the 1980s; before this, Austria presented itself as victim and concealed its responsibility for World War II. This thesis presents the results of a qualitative study, which aimed to investigate the consistencies and changes in the commemorative culture as well as the collective remembrance prior to the “Zäsur 1986”. The role of Styrian newspapers regarding the commemorative culture and collective remembrance of the year 1945 was analysed. Daily newspapers, as a publishing source, have a close relationship with their readers. In addition, they provide insights into social sentiments while simultaneously retroacting on society by actively contributing to the commemorative culture, and thereby shaping the collective remembrance. Public discourse of the past especially occur during anniversaries. Therefore, this thesis examined the years 1955, 1965, 1970, 1975 and 1985. The following three Styrian newspapers with the largest circulation were analysed: the independent “Kleine Zeitung”, the social democratic “Neue Zeit” and the “Südost-Tagespost” connected to the ÖVP party (Austrian Peoples Party). Subsequently, the relevant newspaper articles were closely examined and subsumed under main thematic categories. This thesis also consists of a detailed content analysis of the coverage of 1945 by the newspaper “Kleine Zeitung” ,in order to provide a critical evaluation of the role of newspapers in the context of commemorative culture and collective remembrance.