In its decision 42326/98 Odièvre/France, 13.02.2003, the ECHR ruled against a violation of Art 8 of the EHRC by the French-born complainant. It confirmed the fundamental right to a knowledge of parentage provided for by Art 8 EHRC. The French regulatory environment nevertheless affords a mother who gives birth anonymously, an absolute right of veto of an inspection by the child of the records kept about her that becomes possible when the child has reached the age of 14. The ECHR deemed the enabling of the inspection as adequate, on the one hand to guarantee the anonymously born child the right to knowledge concerning its parentage, and on the other hand to ensure the anonymity of the mother stemming from her right to self-determination. A legal framework for anonymous births, offered in, and common practice in numerous medical institutions, neither exists in Austria nor in Germany. Austria operates on the basis of a decree, GZ 4600/42-I 1/2001 of 27.07.2001 concerning Babynest and anonymous birth, issued by the Federal Ministry for Justice, which is variously implemented by the individual Federal provinces. Germany, with the exception of the statutory regulation of the "confidential birth" since 01.05.2014, which corresponds to that for an incognito adoption and also awards the mother an absolute right of veto against inspection of records, has adopted no legislative provisions whatsoever. The present work addresses the comparative law consideration of the reconcilability of anonymous birth with regard to the fundamental rights accorded under constitutional and international law, as well as laws defining family and civil status on a simple legal level. This, above all with respect to the possible contradiction of the right of the child to obtain knowledge concerning his/her own parentage, as opposed to the fundamental rights of the mother who gave birth to him/her anonymously, or gave him/her up, though also with regard to the position of the biological father.