Topic of this thesis is the life and work of the most important and famous romanists and germanists of the historical school of the jurisprudence. The starting point is the beginning of the 19th century. A brief overview of this era is to provide an insight into this time. The next section presents as the lives of two school founder Carl Friedrich von Savigny and Karl Friedrich Eichhorn. The main focus of this work is the representation of the following representatives. Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, who is considered the "father of german legal history", contributed with his life's work to the development of the historical school of jurisprudence. One of the most famous representatives and advocates of the germanists was Georg Beseler. He was a major participant in the second largest scholarly controversy this time. Jacob Grimm's works are less well known than others of this era. He was distinguished by its materials collection and legal history of language. One of the later representatives of the German studies was Otto von Gierke. Noteworthy are his monographs, with whom he created a life's work of 10,000 pages. Georg Friedrich Puchta was the most influential linguist as successor Savigny. He is considered the founder of conceptual jurisprudence. Bernhard Windscheid was characterized by a sense of duty and his love for teaching. With its Pandektenlehrbuch he had great influence on the German Civil Code. Heinrich Dernburg was a very ambitious lawyer. His life goal was to teach at the University of Berlin. Many of his works, he wrote to his listeners. Another representative of the romanists was Ludwig Arndts from Arnesberg. Thanks to him the teachings of the Historical School of jurisprudence and the science of pandectist came to Austria. Finally discusses the sharp contrast between Romanists and Germanists, and the "new cooperation".