With the following paper, I wanted to provide a comprehensive insight into the world of herbs. There you can find some interesting information about the history of herbs in general such as where they have been used very early, which various superstitions were connected with them or what word herbs means. Furthermore, you will find tips for creating herb-gardens, their multiplication, storage, etc. Because the essential oils are especially important for herbs, I explain what they are and where the plant produces them. To get a reference to everyday life, I described some possible applications of essential oils. Before you reach the last major part of this thesis namely the various herbs you will find some information about working with microscopes. The just mentioned chapter of various herbs is introduced by a brief summary of the plant family of Lamiaceae. This is followed by detailed descriptions of the plants, which were examined by me. Here you will find facts about their history, macro- and microscopic appearance, use in kitchen (incl. recipe) and medicine and some other interesting things. In the conclusion the key points were mentioned again and you can find there my personal experiences. At the end of this paper there are some microscopic pictures made by me.