Christine Nöstlinger is one of the most influential authors of childrens- and youth-books in german-speaking areas and since 1970 she has published around 150 writings. With her realistic writing style and her emancipatory and autonomous portrait of children, she adopted a tone in her literary canon, which was innovative for the childrens- and youth-book scene. Her autobiographically coined youth-novel “Maikäfer, flieg!”, which deals with young Christine in Viennas working district Hernals during the war- and early post war era, was at first received skeptically. However, the novel from 1973 is one of high contemporary historical relevance, as it answered to the prevalent anti-communism in Austria with a change in perspective with regard to the perception of the Russian occupying forces. In this diploma thesis the historical phenomena portrayed in the book will be revealed and analysed for convergences and divergences with regard to the real year 1945 in Vienna. The contemporary historical background of this youth-novel essentially refers to the events of spring and summer 1945 in Vienna. Central themes constitute of the airstrikes of the allied troops and the resulting strive for survival of the Viennese people in the bunkers, their everyday life filled with hunger, panic buying and bartering, as well as the arriving Russian occupying forces and the communal life with them. The cliché of the “awful Russian” is contrasted by the authors picture of the indulgent Russian soldier Cohn, with whom young Christine builds up a deep friendship in the novel. The thesis will finish off with an analysis of the events around the year 1945 in “Maikäfer, flieg!”. This will be achieved through an especially executed interview with Christine Nöstlinger, in which she extensively utters her experiences during war, the viewpoint of a child on the events, and the picture of Russians at the time.