The theme of this masters thesis is the history of the legal development of the maternity pay in Austria as compared to the maternity allowance situation, past and present, in Switzerland.The description of the development starts with Austria in the year 1885 before moving on to the years between 1917 and 1927, leading up to the period of National Socialism and finally, to the year 1956 when the ASVG was first introduced. Subsequently, the focus will be on a detailed illustration of the significant regulations in the insurance context of maternity. Here, special emphasis will be given to § 162 ASVG. Additionally, the development and handling of the weekly allowance in GSVG and BSVG will be explored. After that, the focus will switch to the current legal situation of the weekly allowance. The main emphasis here will be on elaborations with regard to persons authorised to claim this benefit, together with the sums they are entitled to, and its duration. Having looked into the legal situation from the GSVG and BSVG, the parallel development in Switzerland will be examined. Starting from the year 1864, the major drafts and novelties on the way to the maternity allowance regulations will be investigated, the Swiss milestones being the federal act governing health and accident insurance, drafts concerning the relevant insurance matters dating back to the years 1946 and 1954; the federal act of 1994 covering health insurance, as well as the Initiative Triponez which finally paved the way for introducing a maternity compensation legislation on the basis of the EO in Switzerland. Having outlined the historical development, the Swiss situation will be explored. Once more, the emphasis is on the group of persons entitled to claim the benefit, together with the respective sums and duration. Subsequently, a comparison of the relevant historical development steps will be drawn, as well as a comparison between the situation as it is, both in Austria and in Switzerland.