Law has significantly helped to shape social relations in a gender-sensitive way. The foundation of such legislation should always be equality before the law, as stated in the Declaration of Human Rights. In contrast the Austrian Reproductive Medicine Law does currently not meet these requirements. Different groups of people are excluded from possibilities of artificial procreation without sufficiently legitimate reasons by the authorities. Parenthood, that is, who may have children at all, is thereby defined. This definition, however, has already been overtaken by reality. The question is whether the relevant policy-makers recognize this deficit between reality and legislation, and are willing to adapt the law to the social standards.