The following master thesis is concerned parenting behavior and their impact on childish behavior in moral situations respectively. The theoretical part includes definitions of developmental psychology, followed by the representation of cognitive development by Piaget and moral development by Kohlberg. The paper will have a closer look at parent-child relationship and constitutes parenting style by Spranger, Lewin and Baumrind. The empirical part of this thesis consists entirely of the research and illustrates the analysis of the photo stories, the results of the questionnaire and the connection between both of them.Altogether there participate 69 children aged between 4 to 6 years and a parent. The questionnaire consists of questions about sociographic features and the second part is composed of questions of the German version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire by Reichle und Franiek (2009). It includes the scale positive parental behavior, responsible parent behavior, powerful enforcement, inconsistent parenting behavior, involved awareness and corporal punishment. The use of photo stories provides results to childish moral understanding. The data were scrutinized with the help of correlation analysis to argue whether a correlation between parenting style and behavior patterns in moral situations exists.Thus, the results present no significant correlations between parenting behavior and the response of the interviewed children to the questionnaire. After the partition by sex there is only a positive, but low correlation between powerful enforcement and knowledge of rules of girls. Furthermore there is only low correlation between birthplace of parents, financial resources, number of books, their conscience and their responsible parenting behavior. Lastly the results are summarized and discussed.