The aim of this diploma thesis is to examine closely the terms competence and skills-based teaching in relation to fragrances and scents, as well as to link them to Chemistry in schools.The following paper is structured in three parts. The opening part features a theoretical chemical approach to the topic of fragrances and scents within the laboratory. It is concerned with the chemical properties of scents and the perception thereof, as well as certain compound classes which represent distinctive scents. Additionally, special scents, exampli gratia essential oils and their various production processes will be addressed. The second part deals with the term competence and its underlying definition. The various dimensions and definitions of competence, as well as diverse competence models and experimental competences will be analyzed and discussed. In addition to that, aspects of modern and skills-based teaching will be exemplified by the covered methods to be used in Chemistry lessons in school. The last part provides specific examples for organizing Chemistry lessons focused on the very topic of this thesis - fragrances and scents. Not only are multiple experiments and their solution sheets listed, but also a detailed lesson plan of several hours to put the theory into practice is provided.