The Master's thesis deals with the presentation of the First World War in history textbooks of National Socialism. Part of the analysis are ten history textbooks. The selection of textbooks consist of the accredited history textbooks of secondary school after 1939 and some textbooks, written specifically for the time during 19331939. For introduction an overview concerning the school system of National Socialism is given, also as an overview regarding the perception of history during that time. Aside the drafted syllabus of National Socialism is shown, due to the fact that some tendency of their requirements concerning school in general, also as history lesson in particular, can be identified. The analysis of the history textbooks is made via a combination of a qualitative analysis and a quantitative analysis. With this analysis four theses relating to the presentation of First World War shall be answered. The analysis has shown, that the presentation of the First World War is strongly influenced by the ideology of National Socialism. This becomes apparent in the widely spread description of combat operations, which are glorified and the description of the enemies of National Socialism, which are among others Jews, Freemasons, Marxists, democrats or pacifists. The age during the First World War is shown ambivalent in the analysed textbooks. On the one hand the National Socialists saw a failure of the „Deutschtum“ in the defeat of the German Empire, whereas on the other hand the combats shall have created a new soldierly-manly german race, which is qualified to reign. This propagandistic image was taught to students in school, which shows, that the National Socialists considered school only as a place, where they can train students as soldiers as soon as possible.