Painting and photography in competition.Two types of art forms which enhance, inspire and destroy each otherThe history shows an exciting dialogue between the two art forms painting and photography since the official announcement of the new medium in 1839. This Master thesis focuses on the competition of the two art forms allowing for the development in the 19th century, where the historical development of both genres and the excursion of miscellaneous artistic comparison are separated in chapters. Beside the historical overview, the chapters also expose a short view of the artistic substance of photography, the development of painting after the evolution of the new medium, a comparison of nude painting, portraits, landscapes and nature illustrations of both forms and a preview to art as from the 19th century.After a literature survey the paper is structured in four main parts. Part one includes painting of the 19th century, different styles and the influence of photography to the development of painting. The second part concerned with the historical origin of photography, including the technical development of the new media and the artistic substance. The second part should also show the beginning of the competition between those two art forms and finishes with a short enumeration of various photographers of the 19th century which are introduced with proper literary work. Starting at chapter five both art forms will be explained more in detail based on a separation in different art genres: portrait, nude, nature- and landscape illustrations. The next chapter shows an overview to art, starting at 19th century and how painting and photography have evolved, exempted from matter. This part also forms the end of the paper.Photography cannot be mingled with painting but these artistic means of expression can support and inspire each other and encourage to new minds. Both art forms, photography as well as painting, have their own aesthetics.