This master thesis investigates which brain regions are active during various tasks by means of a meta-analysis. In the preceeding theoretical part of the master-thesis it is discussed which neuroscientific methods may contribute to leadership research. Besides popular methods, as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRT) or electroencephalographie (EEG), several other neuroscientific methods are used to obtain new insights to leadership research (i.e., magnetencephalographie, positron emission tomographie, transcranial magnetic stimulation).Moreover it is outlined that neuroscience is able to contribute to leadership research in the future in different areas (i.e., neurophysiological distinction of successful from less successful leaders). In the course of the meta analysis, overall 20 studies (fMRI or EEG) have been investigated regarding activated brain regions during different tasks, whereby five studies were sorted out. In order to ensure the comparability of the studies, the other 15 studies have been categorized. Result of the meta-analysis is, that the individual results of the studies are not congruent (i.e., in different but comparable studies, different brain regions were active). This may be a result of various cirumstances, such as the small number of studies investigated. Due to the inconsistency of the results, future research work seems necessary.