In this master thesis titled “Self-esteem as a health-protective factor in the models of salutogenesis, resilience and self-efficacy”, the factors of high or low self-esteem are analyzed with respect to their effects on mental health. In addition, the health models of salutogenesis, resilience and self-efficacy are presented. The author responds to the question of to what extent self-esteem is a relevant factor in these models. The results of the master thesis were gained methodically on the basis of literature analysis. A high level of self-esteem helps to maintain mental health and to cope with pressure and life crises; hence it should be considered an important protective factor for health. In the analyzed health models, self-esteem is only of limited value.The salutogenetic model does not demonstrate any clear correlations be-tween self-esteem and a sense of coherence. The self-efficacy model offers different views of the significance of self-esteem and self-efficacy. Consequently, the author cannot make specific statements on the im-portance of self-esteem in this concept. In the resilience model, self-esteem is described as a protective factor and therefore represents an important element of this construct.