Neurofeedback is a therapeutic tool and rehabilitation instrument to treat a variety of psychological and neurological disorders. It helps individuals to gain control over their brain activity and change certain aspects of it. The participants of this study should learn to increase the magnitude within the individual upper alpha range. Since there are large interindividual differences within this frequency band, the frequency window for the training protocol has been individually adjusted, by using the peak of the power estimate within the alpha frequency range as an anchor point. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of a user specific upper alpha neurofeedback training in healthy elderly people concerning changes in power values. This is important because it is generally known that the alpha power decreases with age. The sample of this study consisted of 24 individuals, which were separated into two groups. Half of the subjects received the feedback using a two-dimensional Display (Balken-Feedback). This is a conventional neurofeedback medium. The other 12 participants learned to train their upper alpha amplitude within a virtual reality (VR) based feedback system, by using a three-dimensional computer screen (VR-Feedback). The Results demonstrated that elderly individuals were not able to enhance their upper alpha activity. Thus, according to the conventional neurofeedback system, individuals showed upper alpha enhancement within the sessions. The VR group showed no learning ability in upper alpha neurofeedback. Nevertheless, analysis on the individual basis revealed some important implications for the identification of learning indices that could potentially predict training efficacy. The results suggest that motivation and mood play an important role in the use of these two feedback systems, which differ in their training outcomes. In conclusion, the findings of this study indicate further improvement in the development of neurofeedback modalities.