Artificial cranial deformation in grave finds of the Migration PeriodAstrid SchmölzerThe thesis examines grave finds with artificial cranial deformation of the Migration Period. Based on ancient sources and the history of research, medical anthropological foundations of the human skull are discussed briefly. Being a worldwide occurring phenomenon, deformed skulls exist in different forms.The thesis focuses on grave findings with cranial deformation. To limit the broad topic, a focus is placed on the findings in the region of present-day Austria. At 25 locations a total of 51 skulls have been recorded. 7 deformations have not been clearly proven and can only be assumed; for one skull the deformation turned out to be incorrect. The first Austrian deformed skull the first in Europe was discovered in 1820 in Feuersbrunn in Lower Austria. In the 1840s, it was examined and described by anthropologists throughout Europe. The earliest suggestions of identification of the long-headed individuals suspect Avars or immigrated Peruvians. The practice of cranial deformation was brought to Central Europe with the wandering of the Huns, but appears to have been originally practiced by Iranian groups.Based on several issues such as the geographical distribution, the temporal classification, gender, age, etc., the Austrian biological findings are analyzed. To illustrate the results, diagrams and distribution maps are used.To represent the Austrian deformed skulls in a larger context, taking other European findings into consideration is crucial. Thus, the occurrence of artificially deformed skulls in Central Europe can be determined according to topographical and temporal criteria. To illustrate the distribution of the findings with cranial deformation a link to the antique border areas of the 5th and 6th century AD is established.