Brown Spots of the Green MovementThis thesis deals with the relationship of the Green Movement to the extreme right. In the first part, the focus is on certain aspects and discussions that are commonly characterized as discourses of “right-wing ecology.” Humans are recognized as natural beings subject to universal laws. The focus is always on the collective, while the individual is conceived only as part of a larger organic whole. The second chapter deals with the roots of the Green movement. These can already be traced back to anti-modernist counter-movements in the fin de siècle. The focus in this part is on the so-called “Heimatschutzbewegung,” as well as on the “Lebensreformbewegung,” both of which opposed modern, industrialized society. After World War I these movements were dominated by nationalistic trends and later by National Socialism which itself recurred to ideas and concepts of anti-modernist tendencies. As a result of this close relationship to National Socialism, positions of the conservative right including ecological positions were discredited after 1945. But in the 1970s in the context of anti-nuclear und environmental protests, cultural pessimist positions again become increasingly fashionable. With the emergence of the first Green parties, the ecological right-wing movement even took a lead position but never managed to prevail against the left-wing alternative mainstream in the early eighties. The third part of this thesis deals with the actors of the ecological right-wing movement, focusing on individuals as well as on organizations and the relationship to the Green movement. In addition, the focus is on the activities of right-wing and neo-Nazi people who tried to connect to the Green/alternative milieu. Even though especially the reactionary-conservative Green spectrum was prone to such interventions, such “brown Greens” were ultimately unsuccessful and remained on the margins.