This thesis aims to demonstrate the historical legal development of the barter agreement. The origin of the historical view can be found in the Roman law. Therefore, the general development of the obligatory right is focused. Furthermore, the classification of the barter agreement (permutatio) as an innominate actual contract is described. During medieval times glossators have adhered to the type coercion and to the formulation of the contractus innominatus. Regarding to the issue of admissibility for legal action, editorials have contrary opinions. In the course of the doctrine of natural law the freedom of type-possibilities in terms of the law of obligation occurred during the 18th century. Furthermore, the principle of consensus became a general principle. To give an insight into this issue, the most important working papers of this era are discussed. Besides the CMBC and the ALR the preliminary work of the Austrian General Civil Law (Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch - ABGB) is focused. The result of the development of the barter agreement in Austria is the formation of the General Civil Law in 1811 and the regulations of the barter agreement, which are still present today. Finally, the German Civil Code, which emerged in 1900, is focused and the German regulations of the barter agreement are described.