If associations are in financial difficulties, the question arises who is responsible for repayment. This thesis explores the personal liability of simple members of the association. The case in point used to illustrate this problem is an association with substantial debts, whose general assembly decides to dissolve the association and found a similar association for the sole purpose of shedding their debts. The personal liability of members who voted in favour of the dissolution is examined in this thesis from the perspective of a misuse of rights (§ 1295 Abs 2 ABGB Civil Code).At first, the character of a voluntary dissolution of an association is outlined. Secondly, the misuse of rights is closely examined, especially the different cases of application in civil law, corporate law and law of associations. Subsequently, a possible solution to the case in point is outlined.