Lately, both the public and politicians have focused on the education of kindergartners.With respect to the current situation of education of kindergartners, Austria is facing massive challenges since it is attested the lowest level of education within whole Europe. New developments, such as the aim to lift the education of pedagoges in the context of "PädagogInnenbildung NEU" to the tertiary level, give occasion to look at the topic more closely. To find new perspectives from foreign cultures, this masters thesis focuses on the developments in elementary pedagogy in Austria on the one hand, and two reference countries, which already introduced education on tertiary level, on the other hand. For this purpose, the current educational situation in Switzerland, which is a European country, but not part of the European Union, and Japan, whose culture differs from the European, is investigated. This works comparison aims to highlight differences and similarities between all these countries in a non-judgemental manner. At the heart of this research lies the respective design and conception of the institution kindergarten as well as the education of the respective pedagogues. Hereby, the gathered facts and data for each of the three countries are described and interpreted at first. In the following, the most relevant aspects are compared in terms of predefined criteria and by stressing the differences and similarities. The last chapter focuses on the reflexion of the research process and a final conclusion.