Social entrepreneurship presents itself as a new way of solving the global problems of our time. A market-orientated and innovative approach is combined with the objective of solving a social problem. The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the term social entrepreneurship and its potential for developing countries. Based on this, requirements for a successful implementation of Social Entrepreneurship are developed. A case study is used to demonstrate the gap that exists between theory and practice. The regional focus is on India, a country famous for its numerous social entrepreneurship activities.Because of its innovative approach, social entrepreneurship has the potential to make an important contribution to solving social problems. Nevertheless, social entrepreneurship organisations are not able to provide a comprehensive and long-term social security net. They do however contribute important ideas and approaches and should therefore be seen as an efficient supplement to existing institutions. Ideally, new and innovative approaches will change the structures and systems that caused the problems in the first place. To be able to use its full potential, social entrepreneurship has to fulfil certain requirements. First of all, organisations have to consider the principles of business planning and secondly, the impact on society has to be measured using evaluation and monitoring tools. For organisations working in developing countries it is especially important to be aware of cultural differences and its implications. Additionally, they should adhere to the methods and principles of the development community. Reality shows, that not all organizations fulfil these requirements. The case study revealed that deficits are mostly occurring in business planning. In order for social entrepreneurship to use its full potential in the future, improvements in this regard have to be made.