The presented thesis deals with the analysis of a periodical dated from the beginning of the nineteenth century, called El Pensador Mexicano and written by Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi from 1812 to 1814. The main aim of this work is to make a detailed analysis of the periodical referring to the content, the narrative strategies and the intertextual relations. In order to do that, firstly the important incidents and costumes of the age of Enlightenment in Europe as well as in hispanic America are summarized. Also the genre of moral weeklies and both their beginnings in England with The Tatler and The Spectator and their development and spreading in Europe and hispanic America attempts to be characterized. Furthermore, the work summarizes the historical and cultural incidents of the time when El Pensador Mexicano was created and also the life and mentality of the author. Moreover, concerning the historical context, the endeovers of independence and the conflicts between the Spanish and the Creole people in New Mexico are especially important. Further the diverse narrative strategies of the work are analysed, that are, the application of dialogues, letters, utopias, allegories, fables and lyrics. In addition, the most important and frequent topics of the periodical are treated, which represents the most extensive part of the thesis. Finally, the intertextual aspects of the work are described and the literary horizon of the author aims to be reconstructed. For this, the five categories of intertextuality according to Genette are applied, which enables the analysis of the text from different aspects, these are, intertextuality, paratextuality, metatextuality, architextuality and hypertextuality.