Today, the debate about the term “growth” is, more than ever, a highly controversial and explosive issue. On one hand stand the advocacies who consider that growth is essential to solve future problems, while on the other hand are those who emphasize the limits to the growth. The primary objective of this master thesis is to give a descriptive overview of the ecologically motivated debate on growth based on extensive study of literature and discourse reconstruction. In particular when it comes to the growth potential of the economy, the availability of energy plays an important role. But in public discussions, too little attention is paid to this factor. Based on the theoretical embedding of the growth debate, the author hence describes the developments of energy consumption in the Austrian province of Styria from the 1950s until today based on quantitative statistical surveys. The second objective of this study is to explore the saturation or shrinkage tendencies in the field of energy consumption in Styria. Moreover, this thesis highlights the possible causes for these tendencies. In addition, some specific aspects of the energy sector have been focused in this work. The goal of this master thesis is to highlight growth tendencies in the field of energy consumption in Styria and to make a significant socio-ecological contribution to the debate on growth, energy and transition.