This masters thesis will give an overview of Chinas engagement in Africa, from a historical point of view, but mainly by analyzing the current effects of such an engagement on the continents economy, society and environment, with particular attention to Uganda. After getting a better understanding of the consequences of Chinas involvement in Africa we are able to better evaluate in what way Chinas new development model can benefit or harm African countries. Therefore this paper will focus on the following research question: How do Chinas activities in Africa impact African countries in general and Uganda in particular? This research paper will contribute to a better understanding of Chinas precise impact on Africa in general and Uganda in particular, including an examination of opportunities and risks. Furthermore, it will propose schemes to eventually create a suitable development model for Africa. To analyze and assess Chinas impact on the African continent and in particular on Uganda, contemporary specialized literature is reviewed. Due to their actuality, recently released articles from peer-reviewed journals on the impacts and consequences of Chinas engagement in Africa take priority. Research on the context in its entirety and the historical background will primarily be based on relevant literature. Additionally, statistical data will be included in this research paper. The research question will be analyzed by means of the following method and theoretical approach: contextualization of Sino-Africa Relations and its four distinctions Development Partner, Voracious Competitor, New Colonizer, Filling a Vacuum. These are concepts, which also used by Felix Moses Edoho and the Washington versus Beijing Consensus.