This thesis examines gender discourses in Russian pop music. First, Judith Butlers theory of gender performativity is discussed. The next part of the thesis deals with the way cultural studies approach pop culture, namely, as a site of identity construction, in which the production, representation, and negotiation of fundamental categories occurs.Subsequently, the focus lies on contemporary Russia: Gender relations are being discussed, and the situation of todays Russian pop music is depicted.On this theoretical basis the following question arises: Is the supposition of pop culture as a reflection of social relations and as a site for the reproduction of gender stereotypes, while at the same time the staging of usual (gender) identities is being broken with, also valid for Russian pop music?Using the method of discourse analysis, as introduced by Foucault, the song texts and video clips by musicians of the most popular Russian pop music genres are investigated. The results of the analysis show that the patriarchal structures prevalent in Russian society find their reflection in pop music. Frequently occurring symptoms of patriarchal conditions in the analyzed song texts and videos are the depiction of a binary gender order, which is based on differences, the depiction of females as decorative accessory, the hierarchy between male subjects and female objects and the trivializing portrayal of (sexual) violence. There are, however, also representations of non-stable gender identities. Furthermore, one can observe situations in which existing social roles are consciously being questioned and transcended. In addition, individual forms of expression of (gender) identities that are not based on existing roles, can be found.