The diploma thesis concentrates on greek mythology and in which way it is connected with the slovenian post war drama. The thesis tries to show which possibilities a certain myth can provide regarding it as a basis of adaption and further tries to give an answer to the questions, why mythological legends are often picked up, why they are of such great importance for literature and what they can teach us today. The main focus lies on the description and analysis of the two dramas Antigona (1960) by Dominik Smole and Dedalus (1988) by Drago Jan?ar. The analysis provides information about the dramas and their historical context as well as their contemporary role. Both dramas were picked, because they clearly show the everlasting topicality of greek mythology. Antigone, as a mythological character, is known as one of the most popular sources for an adaption in literature. Dominik Smole initiated the general acceptance of mythological motives especially in the slovene drama with his version of ?Antigone?. The drama Dedalus by Drago Jan?ar is adpated in a very modern way in which the topic is strongly connected with the present, respectively historical actions that lie in the near past. Both dramas illustrate the relations of power and everlasting conflicts in significant dialogues and describe characters, who impressively reflect the illusion of power, humiliation, regression, individuality and society. The aim of the thesis is to give a review on the mythological basis, beginning with the influences of the existential philosophy and finally leading to a detailed analysis in the practical part of the work, concentrating on an extensive description of the characters. One of the basic conclusions of the thesis is the importance of Antigona and Dedalus for the slovenian literature, founding on the fact that these dramas initiated the reception of greek mythology, leaving religious aspects aside, but still focusing on the ideas of morality and ethics.