The aim of the following work is to analyse the French electricity industry as a member of the European electricity market. In doing so, the first step is to give an overview about the French electricity market and its most important participants. Therefore, the object of the first part of this work is to describe the properties of the French electricity industry and show them in an international context. This first part is particularly concerned with the structure of the French power generation, the most important electricity producers in France, the role of the French regulatory authority and the characteristics of the several markets for electricity.During the twentieth century, France was developing an energy policy which was adjusted to rationale criteria of decision making, with the target of a maximized social welfare. In the French electricity industry, this policy resulted in regulated electricity tariffs and an extensive planning procedure for additional power plants. Therefore the second part of this work is concerned with the theoretical foundations of this policy and the resulting strategies for the French electricity policy. In the third part, the collected information and data about the French electricity industry are implemented into a model. The main purpose of this model is to serve as a basic model, which could be adjusted further, for a better compatibility with real circumstances. Nonetheless the presented model should illustrate the French electricity industry as good as possible and takes existing information to estimate possible future developments of the French electricity market. The focus of the analysis lies in the estimation of impacts that possible power-plant expansion strategies and different frameworks for the European emission trading system have in the development of the French electricity industry.