From World War II up to the present. The aim of this thesis is to analyse euthanasia, since almost no other topic stands between the conflicting priorities of law, religion, the right of self-determination, medical possibilities as well as dignity; a strict distinction with regard to the individual faces great difficulties. The human being is the only creature in the universe that is conscious of his moribundity. Nevertheless, we humans act as if death would not exist. The death-culture is going down gradually: In the past, the humans died in their familiar surroundings, whereas nowadays the dying is mostly taken place in institutions. The fear of death and the hereafter had prevailed in the past, nowadays, however, we fear unbearable pains and the dying process itself. Is a legalisation of active euthanasia the last exit out of an unbearable life? Proponents of active euthanasia argue that humans should have the right to die in a dignified and fast manner. Many people demand active euthanasia ? because of fear of an inhumane over-therapy, lingering illness and pains, of social isolation, of dependency on others, of fear to become a burden for their family members, society, and for the healthcare. Only God is allowed to end life, which is the maxim of vehement opponents of active euthanasia. Euthanasia has enormous approaches, facets and offers extremely different aspects; hence, a complete clarification of this topic is not possible because of its complexity. Opponents as well as proponents share the same objective, namely the realisation of a humane dying; only their actual realization of their aim is different.