This descriptive-explorative exposition is about an empirical study of students awareness of health. The main purpose is to identify relevant differences in students behaviors of various branches of study. Therefore two research groups were built. The first one only consists of students without health care education, like law students, business students and students of the humanities, and the second group contains students with a health based education, like medical students, students of care science and students of natural science. This composition was made up of two main components. The first part describes the theoretical components of health economics, and the second one describes the whole empirical study. At the beginning major explanations were given, like health, a term with wide comprehension, health economics and health care systems. In addition the theoretical aspects of health care systems were illustrated, specifically the Austria public health sector and the Austrian medical prevention checkups were illustrated. Furthermore various aspects of health consciousness, the prevention and promotion of health, properties of lifestyle theory and influenceable health components were also specified. The empirical part describes the planning, the realization and the analysis of the entire survey and presents the achieved results with reasonable conclusions. Above all recommendations of use were given.For analyzing the highly structured questionnaire a reporting plan and a risk score schemata were designed. Thereby a health risk portfolio for the students could have been developed. Based on this risk score plan the central question could have been verified. From this it follows that students with a health based education show a higher health awareness then students without such an education.