This diploma thesis demonstrates the impact of fairy tales on oral and written storytelling competence in teaching Italian as a foreign language. The opening of this paper is dedicated to a discussion of the importance of storytelling in everyday life and the necessity of its promotion in Foreign Language Teaching (FLT). Linked to that, some arguments are presented as to why fairy tales need to be included into FLT. At the heart of all further discussions lie findings in storytelling research and the structural analysis of stories. Constituting one of the core competences in FLT, the systematic instruction of writing has not been given enough importance. The knowledge of the writing process and its sub-processes, literal procedures and formulation aids, are essential for both, writing instruction and training. The three-stage model for enhancing textual competence, developed by Schmölzer-Eibinger, constitutes a basis for the practically oriented part, in which this model is modified. The theoretical part concludes with a discussion of oral skills. The practical section aims at connecting theory with exercises and methods, all based on the genre of fairy tales. In the annex can be found a master copy of Propp?s cards with the Italian terms of the functions, storytelling cards for the fairy tale Cenerentola, an open list of formulation aids for fairytales, a further list with typical adjectives as well as a dramatic text, based on an edition of Cenerentola that is suitable for children.