The Master Thesis "1 + 1 = 2 ? Multiple discrimination in Austria from a legal and social policy point of view" focuses on the aspects of discrimination, especially on multiple respectively intersectional discrimination. In most of the cases an intertwining of motives for discrimination can be observed, although the relevant attributes often cant be identified as such. By analyzing international human rights treaties, as well as the European and national anti-discrimination law, the Master Thesis describes the legal situation concerning discrimination in Austria, as well as some missing aspects to guarantee a better legal protection of individuals. Furthermore, the Master Thesis highlights some arguments which are crucial in the discussion about upgrading the anti-discrimination law in Austria using examples of the three essential attributes religion, age and sexual orientation. Pulling all of these attributes together with significant concepts of social structures and values, for example; heteronormativity, provides a more detailed view of possible obstacles in the discussion of the legal base. Last but not least, some case studies are quoted to emphasize how multiple and intersectional discrimination takes place in our society. Findings generally support the hypotheses that the debate regarding multiple and intersectional discrimination must be enforced within the social and political context in order to improve the legal base against discrimination.