In the wake of the disintegration of Yugoslavia Ivo Andri? has been at the centre of a chauvinistic controversy, which aimed at relating him and his literature to one single nation. Whilst the Bosniak side accused him of Orientalism, Serb nationalists reinforced the balkanistic stereotype of violence as normality in the region by reference to his work. In my diploma thesis I ask the question: ?To what extent such stereotypes actually are part of Andri?'s literature and if so, what is their function within the texts?? Orientalism and Balkanism are western modes of external perception. Thus, the corpus comprises texts which assign a central role to external perception. The theoretical section includes concepts of external perception in general, within the context of literature as well as in their orientalistic and balkanistic form. Results of research on both imagology and stereotypes are also considered. In the analysis, processes of external perception are firstly contextualized by embedding them in concrete narratives. After that, individual features of identification, which also influence the external perception process, are taken into consideration as a supplement to the remarks on collective identities. Already the manner of figural depictions offers valuable clues to the significance of stereotypes articulated by them. Subsequently external perceptions are categorized according to thematic emphases and, taking into account narratological criteria, put in relation to the overall message of the texts. In conclusion, it can be stated that orientalistic and balkanistic stereotypes are strongly reflected in the external perceptions of Bosnia. Their embedding in a polyphone structure of perspectives however doesn't result in the reaffirmation of single positions taken by the characters, but rather serves the deconstruction of the discourse, which is thereby made visible.