AbstractMaster Thesis Jasenko MudriThe last Austro-Turkish War in the mirror of Serbian sources (1787-1850)The Eighth Austro-Turkish War from 1788 to 1791 marked a geopolitical reorientation of the Habsburg Empire. Although the Austro-Russian alliance has won several battles, the armed conflict resulted due to a new constellation of the Great Powers after the outbreak of the French Revolution in a status quo ante. The Danube Monarchy subsequently renounced any further conflict with the Ottoman Empire, but was drawn into several wars against France during the next twenty years. This Master?s Thesis analyzes the mentioned military conflict in the mirror of Serbian sources. The Serb-inhabited regions of the Ottoman Empire were very backward. The social elite of the Serbian subjects of the Habsburg Empire, however, was Europeanized in the spirit of the Enlightenment. The first Serbian newspapers and books of the modern era were printed at the end of the 18th century in Vienna. That was no coincidence, as the house of Habsburg has continuingly supported the emancipation of the Serbs of the Monarchy since the reign of Joseph II. Accordingly, the war from 1788 to 1791 served as a catalyst for the spread of enlightenment among the Serbian population. In their literary works they glorified Joseph II and Laudon as liberators. These written sources are interesting in several aspects. They supplement with their vivid language of the common people the "dry" historical documents about the last Turkish war of Austria, which are primarily preserved in Vienna?s archives. The Serbian sources about the war have been neglected not only in Austria but also in Serbia itself. Serbian historians of the 19th and the 20th century have rather devoted themselves to the uprisings of 1804 and 1815. The Eighth Austro-Turkish War was in their eyes a "foreign" conflict, because the Serbs did not act as an independent war party, but served the emperor in Vienna within the royal army.