Keywords: nursing education, nursing teaching, nursing school, nursing history, paradigm shift medicineThe thesis deals with the paradigm shift in the pedagogy of health and medical care in Austria. It is built on an historical discourse on the basis of literature analysis and expert interviews in form of guide-based expert interviews. Chapter 4 deals with the demands on the general conditions of nursing education. In Chapter 5, a historical review of nursing education by the First World War to the post-war period and the 1950s is executed. Chapter 6 shows the changes of the 1960s and 1970s, which are mainly based on the legislation of 1969 and 1973. Another factor is the change of the patient image, which takes place from the paternalistic model to the partnership model and set of questions for the care results are being discussed in Chapter 8. Chapter 9 describes the last major legal reform of the nursing act of 1997. All in all there is a problem in the current Austrian nursing education as well as the transfer of knowledge into practice by the graduates. The scientific nature and professionalization contributes to an increase in self-awareness of care, but still leads to problems with the transition into practice. The demand for the actual nursing education is more specialization, a practical reshaping of scientific knowledge, the incorporation of new educational insights, better communication and more effective technical and quality training opportunities.