The work deals with the subject of pilgrimage and pilgrimage research on the example of the pilgrimage town of Maria Buch in upper Styria. In an introduction to the classical pilgrimage history of the Catholic Church, in which each era is touched upon briefly, the emergence and development of the pilgrimage in Europe and an attempt of an objective overview shall be given. In this chapter the focus will also be on an attempt of a definition of "wallfahren" and "pilgern", and will be further discussed in the research chapter. The third chapter deals with the pilgrimage research, because it represents an important part of the folklore. In this chapter, the approaches of the most representative of the pilgrimage research will be mentioned and treated. The fourth chapter of this work deals with the history and development of the pilgrimage church Maria Buch and treats the constructional and historical development of the sanctuary.The research methods are described briefly to give an insight about the used methods and tools in general. The main chapter, the actual research, attempts to look on the pilgrimage of the surrounding communities Maria Buch and their possible change in detail. Subsequently the main pilgrimage days and the concerns book, which is one of the oldest in Styria, Austria, will be dealt with. The aim is to figure out, if Maria Buch, like many other places of pilgrimage, has experienced a boom in recent years, or whether there is a decline due to its proximity to other sanctuaries. An interview with the sacristan of Maria Buch was held, who has worked in the sanctuary for more than 30 years and was able to provide details on the development of the pilgrimage.