The present work should indicate the difference between religious, academic as well as familial and social education during the Late Antiquity. Based on written records, the influence of two females, from upper-class families, on the Christendom will be discussed in detail. The main focus is set on the traditional education as well as on the Christianization of the Roman aristocracy in the second half of the 4th century.A key aspect is to clarify the influence of socially well-situated women on their environment, as well as if these women were able to contribute with their opinions, especially when considering gender equality, in this patriarchal dominated era. With the help of a hermeneutic approach, based on a sophisticated literature research, elemental aspects are discussed and elucidated within this work.The first part of my thesis shows the different development of education within the Roman and Greek community. Additionally, it is explained how the terms religious, academic and social education were defined and interconnected within the beginning of the Christendom. Furthermore, the difference of a live-long Christian education will be compared to education in a traditional sense and described in detail.The second part is focusing on two Roman women who were honoured due to their activities of discussing Christian aspects and significant contributions during this era. One of those women, whose life will be discussed in more detail, is Proba, a married Roman aristocratic woman, and the second woman is Marcella, a Roman aristocrat who chooses to live in asceticism. Their doing and contribution will be brought in contrast, to indicate the plurality of the ancient living.This work will show, that according to the area of conflict between ancient education and Christian education, women were able to contribute however, despite their upper-class social situation, only in a minor extent.