This diploma thesis deals with the Russian fantastic. In the first part of the work, various genres, which have something with the fantastic in common, will be described. It is the attempt to differentiate them from each other. Those genres are the fantasy, science fiction and Nau?naja Fantastika, horror, utopia, the folk tale, but also the effect of alienation. The various theories on the fantastic theme are explained in detail. Among these are the theories of Todorov and Durst. In approach to this theme, there is an overview of the research situation to the fantastic and the chosen texts. In the second part of the work, different stories and novels from various writers will be analyzed for fantastic elements. The texts will be analyzed by Durst?s theory, based on Todorov?s work, which allows one to use his theory for the analysis too. Durst takes over Todorov? s division of the fantastic, but he includes not only the pure fantastic, but also the fantastic-marvelous and the fantastic-uncanny. Stories, which show elements or effects of the fantastic-uncanny or the fantastic-marvelous, dont have to be eliminated from the analysis. Besides, Durst explains that you can`t compare our real world with the reality of the novel, because every story has its own reality system. The analysis shall show why the chosen novels belong to the fantastic. The conclusion deals with the different types of motives in the fantastic. These are ghosts, independent body parts, magicians and magic or the motif of transformation. With the help of these motives, the work shall show, what has changed in the Russian fantastic writing over the time. There are a lot of works to the fantastic, but no one really deals with the changes in this genre. The focus is either on one segment of the whole text or the structure, which means how fantastic is shown. Although, or even because of the mixtures of various genres nowadays, there is a need to show, what has changed in the last years.