Gender studies have been established in different forms at the university in the last decades. This study examines the consequences of the implementation of a master program in gender studies, and investigates the institutional structures of gender studies between the poles of autonomous, interdisciplinary establishment and disciplinary entrenchment. The sociological approach of this study is based on Bourdieu's conception of academics as a field of power and as a 'game'. Additionally, works on the institutionalization of scientific knowledge and on the university as organization are considered. Empirical data was collected mainly through qualitative expert interviews with scholars teaching in three departments at the university of Graz. The findings show that gender studies are established in different forms at the university. However, they remain only loosely coupled. As a consequence, the implementation of the master program in gender studies has no significant impact on the entrenchment of gender studies in the departments, since there are no obligations for them. Only the financial means for courses taught by external lecturers appear to be guaranteed for a longer time. Overall, the institutional establishment remains limited to some aspects, and the implementation of the master program does not necessarily lead to the establishment as an autonomous domain. Furthermore, interdisciplinary cooperation also has only little foundation. Still, this cooperation is important for the scholars in the field, as interdisciplinary gender studies serve both as an (imagined) community and a space of controversy. In all cases, gender studies remain related to certain persons who commit themselves to the subject, and research and teaching depend mostly on their work. In contrast, the findings show that concerning the acknowledgment of gender studies, gender studies have become an accepted approach in some disciplines, while in others they remain only marginally influential.