This thesis deals with the presentation of the god Mercury in the first two books of Ovid?s Metamorphoses. The character appears in four stories, containing the murder of Argus, the punishment of Battus, the lovestory with Herse and the resulting conflict with her sister Aglauros and the enabling of Europa?s abduction. These text passages are examined in particular regarding Mercury?s actions. Thereafter a synopsis is following, which shows the observable developments in the course of the stories and identifies a pattern, where Mercury acts on behalf of Jove in the outer stories, whereas he acts on his own account in the two inner ones. As his most relevant characteristics chrystallize his sophistication and flexibility concerning his use of words, his brutality and revengefulness and finally his talent for acting. The latter one enables him the play with fiction, which he uses in all narratives and which is his guaranty for success. In most of the cases the god hides his epic attitude behind the facade of a bucolic shepherd and tricks his counterparts that way. On a meta-level this may be interpreted as manipulation and misusage of art and therefor also Mercury?s character may be identified as a ruler - critical type for Octavian. On top, this criticism is intensified through several relativizations of the god?s skills and pejorative shadings towards him. There has also been made a comparison with the positive image of the messenger of the gods at the two augustian poets Virgil and Horace, which makes Mercury additionally appear more baleful in the Metamorphoses.