This thesis deals with the battle between the Athenian hero Theseus and the Minotaur ? a hybrid of man and bull, who, according to the Greek myth, lived in the cretan maze. Among the Theseus myths this has the earliest literary tradition. Even the first pictorial representations - some still uncanonical, since they show the Minotaur as a creature with a bull's body and a human head - go back to the 7th Century BC. The focus will be especially on this early archaic representations but it shall also be dealt with possible parallels or precursors from Crete and Cyprus, such as Minoan seals and the Cypriot bull mask carriers. The images captured into this work are dated to the period 670-480 BC, and include, among other things, vase paintings, toreutic reliefs, architectural sculpture, as well as the aforementioned Cretan and Cypriot oeuvres. The battle between Theseus and the Minotaur was by far the most popular of all Theseic myths, with more than five hundred preserved ancient works. So this is one of Greek most frequently represented heroic legends at all. Due to the flood of preserved vase paintings - solely from Attic black-figure vase painting over three hundred examples are known - the attempt to iconographic segmentation of battle schemes is made in the work. Therefore, only exemplary pieces of Attic vase painting can be singled out in this paper, thereby also to show peculiarities and curiosities.