The image of the woman in literature is discussed frequently, though above all by male writers. The representation of feminine figures in three recently published novels by two female Spanish authors, who are still widely unknown, are the focus of this work. The novels Mujeres en la sombre by Griselda Martín Carpena, Hijos de la derrota and El loco de las muñecas by Empar Fernández will be analysed considering the construction of gender and gender role. First, feminist literary theories, gender studies and sexuality will be discussed. Before starting the analysis, the historical context of the Spanish Civil War and Franco?s dictatorship will be covered, since it is important for the role of women in the novels. Subsequently, the presentation of the authors and the content of the novels follows. In the second part of this work, the focus lies on how feminine figures are characterized and constructed and on how specific marks can be found on typical female images, spaces and gender. Martín Carpena?s depiction of women presents them as strong, rebellious, independent and fighting for equality and respect. Fernández, however, communicates however the image of the weak, suffering and crying woman, who tries to be strong, but fails in the attempt. A connection can be found between the feelings of the literary female figures and the body and further in the mentioning of the space, i.e. the city (Barcelona), which is of great importance to the women. To summarize, it can be said that spaces are described vividly through smells and perceived by the figures as tempered spaces.