Acknowledging an overall interest in the use of different treatments in the case of minor ailments, this project explores health behaviour among people of four different cultures/ethnicities and two sequent migrant generations living in the city of Graz, Austria. While aiming at a deeper understanding of the issues surrounding the influence of culture and ethnicity on the process of decision making about how to cope with potentially self-treatable conditions, the project focused on what people do when experiencing minor health problems such as constipation or headaches (PAGB 2009, Self Care in Practice, PAGB 2008), and looked at patterns in the health behaviour of sequent migrant generations. By investigating minor ailments within a socio-cultural and societal context, this interdisciplinary Social Pharmacy project brings together various sectors of research, combining different tools and methods. While it forms a new approach towards looking at migrant health issues, it has strong practical relevance providing the groundwork for adapting health services towards the actual health needs of different cultural and ethnic groups and can hence contribute to a sustainable improvement of migrants? health. It utilised an exploratory sequential mixed methods design, combining qualitative and quantitative methods, i.e. group discussions, guided interviews and a questionnaire. The target group for this research involves people with a background in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Turkey. In order to get access to the target group and better anchor research locally, close collaborations were being sought with various local organisations working in the health and migrant sector. Results suggest that in Austria, migrants and people with a migrant background in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Turkey experience inequalities in health status and health behaviour while at the same time utilising different strategies in order to cope with self-treatable conditions.